Medical malpractice is a negligence claim, as defined under Florida Statute 766.102. For a plaintiff to prove a medical malpractice case, they must establish the four critical elements of negligence: duty, breach of duty, causation, and damages. This process involves gathering evidence from medical experts and patient records to demonstrate that the defendant failed to uphold the accepted standard of care for their profession. If the plaintiff can successfully establish these elements, the defendant may be held liable for any resulting economic and non-economic losses. Even if a patient has signed a waiver for a procedure, it does not protect a medical provider from gross negligence.